Involvement of the Fas (CD95) system in peripheral cell death and lymphoid organ development

Abstract : Fas‐mediated apoptosis is a form of cell death that operates through a Fas‐Fas ligand (FasL) interaction. In this study we investigated the role of the Fas system during development of normal and Fas‐mutated lymphocytes. Irradiated RAG2–/– recipients were reconstituted with bone marrow cells from B6 and lpr mice (Fas defective) or from B6 and gld mice (FasL defective), and analyzed for long‐term development. The results showed a primary role of the Fas system in peripheral cell death and thymic colonization. In the periphery, the interaction in vivo between Fas+ and Fas– T cell populations indicated that cellular homeostasis was defective. Indeed, we observed a FasL‐mediated cytotoxic effect on normal‐derived T cells, explaining the dominance of lpr T cells in the mixed chimeras. The Fas mutation affected neither cell activation nor cell proliferation, as the effector (Fas–) and target (Fas+) cells behaved similarly with regard to activation marker expression and cell cycle status. However, Fas– T cells failed to seed the periphery and the thymus in the long term. We suggest that this could be due to the fact that FasL is involved in the structural organization of the lymphoid compartment.
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Soumis le : lundi 28 janvier 2019 - 15:17:29
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Yasmina Laouar, Adelaida Sarukhan, Valerie Pasqualetto, Corinne Garcia, Sophie Ezine. Involvement of the Fas (CD95) system in peripheral cell death and lymphoid organ development. European Journal of Immunology, Wiley-VCH Verlag, 1998, 28 (3), pp.1078-1088. ⟨10.1002/(SICI)1521-4141(199803)28:03<1078::AID-IMMU1078>3.0.CO;2-T⟩. ⟨hal-01996637⟩

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